How Does Lasik Work? Thanks to the advancement of our age and technological developments, it has become possible to get rid of the use of glasses within 15 minutes. This surgery, which is an alternative for people who do not prefer to wear glasses, is extremely simple. In this technique, it allows the treatment to be completed by the patient looking at the distant light source within seconds. When it comes to the How does Lasik work part, a treatment process of 10-15 minutes awaits the patient.
First of all, the operating room preparations are made. Then, solutions are poured into the person’s eye to be treated and it is numbed. Besides, sedatives are given to prevent the person from getting excited. The lasik procedure is started after the patient is calmed down and his eyes are numb. The patient needs to be able to lie under the laser device comfortably.
The solution is poured and the numbness of the eye is thoroughly cleaned. Eyes are treated one by one. To keep the eyelid open, a gear-shaped instrument called ‘retractor’ is inserted into the eyelids. Thanks to this tool, cannot close the eye even if the patient wants. In other words, the patient who cannot close the eye reflexively is in direct contact with the laser. Laser types that have developed with the development of technology have also made great progress. If the laser locks on the eye and the person move the eye, the laser continues its operation according to this movement.
Laser treatment of one eye takes 4 minutes in total. As a result, the treatment of one eye of the person ends. This laser treatment corrects the number of the eye by making trimming of the cornea. What to do at the beginning of the procedure is explained in advance so that the patient can trust his doctor. This method of lasik eye surgery; can be applied to people over the age of 18 and under 65 and whose eye number does not grow within 1 year.
What to Know After Lasik Eye Surgery?
Lasik eye surgery is performed by shaving the cornea in the eye. Visual disorders in the corneal structure are treated with this method. After Lasik eye surgery, which is an extremely simple procedure, the patient should pay attention to some points.
Lasik eye surgery is a large topic. The type of laser treatment to be applied to the patient’s discomfort, examinations and tests are determined. Complaints such as pain, stinging, and watering may occur for up to 6 hours after the operations are performed by creating a valve (flap) in the cornea. After the procedures are performed by peeling the eye surface, pain can be experienced for 2-3 days. To feel less of this pain, protective contact lenses can be given to the patient after the procedure.
After the procedure, a headache may be felt. In this case, a pain reliever that does not have blood thinners can be taken. Protecting the treated eye from sun and light will also help prevent headaches.
On the first day; It is normal to have blurred vision and complaints such as stinging, burning, and watering in the eyes for 3-4 hours. The medications recommended by the doctor should be used without interruption after the lasik operation. If a headache is felt after the procedure, a pain reliever that does not have blood-thinning properties can be taken in consultation with the doctor. Driving and going to work may be inconvenient on the day of surgery.
Being in a dusty environment should be avoided, the treated eye should not be rubbed, scratched, handled, or touched with water during the first 24 hours. The day after the operation can be returned to daily life. After the operation, the artificial tear drops recommended by the doctor should be used for 3 to 6 months.
Depending on the type of lasik eye surgery, control times may vary. The next day, a week later, 1 month and 3 months later, it can be scheduled once a year.
What are the Risks of Lasik Eye Treatment?
Generally, problems do not occur in Lasik eye surgery, which occurs with today’s developing technology. However, as with any surgery, it has a small risk. These risks are generally less than 1%.
The most common problem that can occur in Lasik eye surgeries is dry eye. This condition can last between six months and a year and requires regular use of artificial teardrops. Almost all patients can face this problem.
In the Lasik application, only a part of the cornea is laser applied. The higher the visual defect, the smaller this part is. The vision defect on the remaining cornea remains. This is not a problem in bright environments and daylight, because the pupil shrinks in the light. This can also cause problems when driving at night. Such changes usually occur only in myopia and hypermetropia above 5 diopters.
Depending on the height of the pre-operative visual defect, some patients may have a recurrent visual defect after surgery. In such cases, Lasik surgery can be performed again on the condition of a fixed correction and this remaining visual defect can be corrected with a laser.
In very rare cases, infections with wound formation may occur. There are effective antibiotics for such infections. Another rare complication is the possibility of the superficial corneal layer, in the first weeks of the corneal valve ingrowth. This should be removed with another surgery. This side effect can only be seen within 4 to 6 weeks after the Lasik application. For this reason, it is very important to go to the scheduled routine checks.
When all these are taken into consideration, the answer to how does Lasik work emerges. The patient is informed about all these issues and is taken to Lasik eye surgery by the doctor.
HOW DOES LASIK WORK?
LASIK is a special procedure that eye doctors use to help people see better. Let’s find out how this amazing process works!
Step 1: Numbing Drops
Before starting LASIK, the eye doctor puts special drops in your eyes to make them feel numb. It’s like a magic potion that makes your eyes sleepy so you won’t feel any pain during the procedure.
Step 2: Creating a Flap
Next, the doctor uses a special tool to create a tiny flap on the front part of your eye called the cornea. The cornea is like a clear window that lets light into your eye.
Step 3: Shaping the Cornea
Once the flap is opened, the doctor uses a magical laser to gently reshape the cornea. The laser is like a wizard’s wand that carefully changes the shape of the cornea. By doing this, the light entering your eye can focus better, just like adjusting a camera lens.
Step 4: Closing the Flap
After shaping the cornea, the doctor closes the flap back in place, like closing a secret door. The flap sticks on its own, so there’s no need for stitches. It acts like a natural bandage that helps protect your cornea as it heals.
Step 5: Healing and Better Vision
After LASIK, your eyes need some time to heal, just like a magical spell settling in. During this time, your vision gradually improves.After that, You might start to see things more clearly, like reading a favorite book or spotting a friend from far away.
In Conclusion,LASIK is a magical procedure that helps people see better without glasses or contact lenses. It involves numbing drops, creating a flap on the cornea, shaping the cornea with a laser, and closing the flap for healing.So, It’s like a magical journey that transforms blurry vision into clear sight.