Liposuction, which is known as the most curious and preferred fat removal method in aesthetic surgery, is the removal of excess fat in the abdomen, hips, thighs, and face areas by an operational procedure. Liposuction operation is a method used to remove robust fat tissues. Generally, it helps to weaken the areas that cannot be solved in applications such as diet. It is a helpful resource for better shaping of body contours.

There are different types of liposuction surgery; classical liposuction, laser liposuction, vaser liposuction. The difference is their application methods.

  • In the classical liposuction method, the tissues to be removed are targeted and there are incisions of 1 to 2 mm in the skin, and thus resistant fats are dissolved by various methods. The tools used in the classical liposuction method are cannulas or injectors and the burning of the fat indicates the vacuuming method with these tools. As a result of the purpose of burning fat with classical liposuction, incisions in the skin can cause scars to remain on the body, as in every surgery. In this case, as an alternative, care is taken to place the incisions in the folds of the body or underwear.
  • Resistant fat tissues that cannot be burned are handled with the laser liposuction method. The burned fats are extracted by the vacuuming method through 1 or 2 mm incisions. This time, thin cannulas appear as the tools and equipment used in the vacuuming method. The most advanced surgical method of fat melting is the laser liposuction The privilege of the laser liposuction technique is that the body metabolically expels fats through the kidneys and liver. In such a case, it is not necessary to use incision and vacuuming methods.
  • Although vaser liposuction is the same as classical liposuction in its basic logic, it differs from classical liposuction by adding many pluses with the ultrasound technology during its application. So how does this ultrasonic liposuction affect the adipose tissue? The answer to this question is the most important feature that distinguishes vaser liposuction from the classical liposuction method. With Ultrasound, the adipose tissue under the skin is liquefied and broken down with a special sound wave that only affects the fat cells. The fat cell separated from the skin surface is then drawn with thin cannulas. Thus, it is possible to remove more adipose tissue in one go compared to classical liposuction.

How Is Liposuction Done?

In liposuction surgery, the surgeon inflates the stubborn fat area with a special liquid injection. Then, several incisions of a few mm in length are made on or near this area. From these incisions, metal pipes with a diameter of 2-6 mm, called cannula, are inserted into the subcutaneous layer and the cannulas are connected to the vacuum device with transparent hoses.

The vacuum device is operated; the cannulas are moved to the appropriate depth in the fat accumulation areas and the process of removing excess fat starts. The process of absorbing fat by means of vacuum continues until the desired body contour and a smooth skin surface are provided. In recent years, ultrasound energy has been used. In this method, excess fat tissues get broken down by ultrasound waves, and then similarly vacuumed.

After the operation, patients are informed about the need to use a corset to prevent sagging and to have a tight appearance. The use of corset covers 30 days. It is normal to see sagging in the body after the corset. Besides, side effects such as redness, bruising and swelling in the area are normal conditions and all these problems are temporary reactions.

Although excessive stubborn fat is removed with liposuction, fat deposits that cause contour irregularities can be removed with the method called superficial liposuction or liposculpture developed in the last 10 years. The liposculpture technique has also become a definitive method in removing skin sagging and stubborn cellulite.

Disadvantages

What are liposuction damages? Although liposuction has damages, it is a rare operation. The most dangerous aspect of the surgery is an attitude that ignores the risk of doing too much liposuction in a single day or the risk of performing more than one unrelated surgical procedure on the day of liposuction surgery. It is dangerous to try too much liposuction on the same day. There is a limit to the amount of surgical trauma the human body can safely endure. If the patient wants a large amount of liposuction, is it much safer to split the procedure into two or more separate surgeries 3 to 4 weeks apart, rather than performing an excessively large one in one day? Liposuction damages can be prevented in this way.

Based on current worldwide experience, liposuction damages are incredibly small. Rare problems that can potentially arise with any surgical procedure include infections, bleeding, skin ulcers, and nerve injury. The inflating technique minimizes these risks. To our knowledge, no deaths have been reported using the tumescent technique for liposuction with purely local anesthesia. Liposuction is a method with proven benefits. As with any surgical procedure, liposuction associates with some common side effects such as bruising, swelling, and temporary numbness. Although skin irregularities are possible after liposuction, this side effect is minimized by swollen liposuction using microcannulas. Using larger cannulas increases the risk of occasional skin irregularities. Visible irregularities are rare when microcannulas are used.

The results such as the darkening of the skin color of the patient, numbness, and the constant burning sensation of the subcutaneous area are among the results of the unsuccessful regional liposuction procedures. Moreover, if the classical liposuction method was applied, that is, if the fat was entered with cannulas; after a poorly performed surgery, the risk of inflammation and infection in these areas is at the highest level. When this inflammation is mixed with the blood, there is a possibility of a process that will lead the patients to death.

In addition to the bad consequences of the wrong physician selection, there are also damages that occur after the mistakes that the patient himself will make. This means that the vital warnings were given to the patient before the surgery are not followed. For example; all conscious physicians tell their patients to stop smoking and alcohol before such surgeries, and more importantly, they want them to inform them if there is an important drug or blood thinner used.