What To Know About Bariatric Surgery Let’s examine together what you need to know about bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgeries are treatments for people suffering from excess weight.

The other name of bariatric surgery is weight loss surgery or metabolic surgery. Specialists balance the patient’s weight and metabolism with bariatric surgery operations.

What To Know About Bariatric Surgery?

Although doctors commonly perform these surgeries for the treatment of obesity, it is also used for the treatment of many other diseases. Examples of these are diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea and high cholesterol.

These operations are also a precaution for the future. It would not be wrong to say that you will not encounter health problems in the future thanks to these operations.

Bariatric operations not only treat the patient’s current disease, but also increase the quality of life and prolong life.

Experts have been working on bariatric surgeries for decades. In this way, these treatment methods have developed a lot and occupied an important place today.

As a result of these developments, the instruments and techniques used in bariatric operations were also minimized. Surgeons generally perform these operations by making small incisions using minimal surgical techniques (laparoscopic and robotic surgery).

All of these also ensured that patients suffered less, the risk of complications decreased, the patient’s recovery process accelerated, and the success rate of the surgery increased.

The general purpose of bariatric operations is to treat obesity and related diseases. Surgeons change the size and shape of the stomach and intestines for this. In this way, the patient will consume less food. Changes in the gut also affect the absorption of nutrients. As a result, the patient feels full faster and longer.

Thanks to these procedures, the patient reaches a healthy weight.

Basic Types Of Bariatric Surgery: Sleeve Gastrectomy And Gastric Bypass

There are 4 basic types of bariatric surgery. We can list them as follows:

Firstly, sleeve gastrectomy. Doctors normally perform this procedure laparoscopically. Doctors remove approximately 80% of the stomach during gastric sleeve surgery.

Experts aim to reduce the amount of food that the patient can actually consume by shrinking his stomach. As a result, they change the hormonal balance and enable the patient to lose weight. These hormonal changes also serve to treat diseases caused by excess weight.

The second of the surgical weight loss procedures is Gastric bypass surgery.  Result of the changes made by the doctors during gastric bypass surgery, the patient loses weight.

The goals of gastric bypass surgery are: Restricting the patient’s stomach capacity, reducing the body’s calorie absorption, making you feel fuller for longer, help suppress appetite, reversing metabolic syndrome.


You will not regain the weight you lost as a result of the operation for a long time. It is also effective in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.

It is a relatively simple operation.

These operations can be applied after gastric sleeve surgery.


Vitamins and minerals are not absorbed as well as in sleeve gastrectomy or gastric banding.

It can trigger reflux disease or reveal reflux disease.

It can cause irregularity in bowel movements.

Basic Types Of Bariatric Surgery: BPD/DS And LAGB

A less common type of bariatric surgery, among others, is duodenal switch (BPD/DS) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD/DS). Experts aim to achieve weight loss with this operation. In this type of bariatric surgery, doctors change the size of the patient’s stomach and the length of their small intestine. This process limits the amount of food the patient can eat and therefore the amount of food to be digested.


It is one of the methods that gives the best results in the treatment of obesity.

Creates a feeling of satiety

This procedure is most effective in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.


It has a higher risk of complications compared to other procedures.

It can reduce reflux.

There is a possibility of heart problems.

Since experts will regulate the intestines, an imbalance may occur in bowel movements.

It is more complex and takes longer than other operations.

Another type of bariatric surgery is laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. In this operation, doctors place an adjustable belt on the upper part of the patient’s stomach using a laparoscope.

As a result of the LAGB operation, the amount of food that the stomach can take decreases and also slows down the passage of food into the intestine. Along with this, a feeling of satiety occurs.


The risk of early complications is lower than other operations.

The stomach or intestines are not divided.

You can be discharged on the day of surgery.

If necessary, doctors can remove the tape they are wearing.


It may require more frequent examinations than other operations.

The procedure provides less weight loss than other surgical procedures.

It carries the risk of band movement and damage to the stomach.

May cause swallowing problems.

It can cause enlargement of the esophagus.

To Summarity

The American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery has approved all the operations we have described above. They are also very successful methods for healthy and long-term weight loss.

As with any operation, these operations also involve some risks. However, by choosing the right hospital and doctor, you can greatly reduce the risk of complications.

If you continue to eat healthy and engage in physical activity after the surgery, the result you will achieve will definitely be successful.

But what you need to do is not limited to this. In this process, you should not miss your appointments, use the medicines given by your doctor regularly, and take mineral and vitamin supplements every day.

You should also follow any other instructions your doctor gives you.
At this stage you will have a maintenance team. Thanks to this team, your physical activities, especially your nutrition, and your whole life will be in order. The team will check you periodically.

In this article, we tried to answer the question of “What To Know About Bariatric Surgery?” We hope that we will send you off in a sufficiently informed way. We wish you success in your treatment process.

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