What Is Gastric Bypass? At present, many people have problems without obesity. People who want to solve the obesity problem use methods such as diet, exercise, and various medications. However, these methods do not provide a permanent solution. Gastric bypass surgery is performed to eliminate the obesity problem. So what is a gastric bypass? Firstly, gastric bypass is an operation that allows the patient to lose weight and keep the normal weight. Gastric bypass is also called bariatric surgery. So, we can say that the gastric bypass process is the most effective method in the permanent treatment of obesity. The patient can lose 40-100 kilos thanks to gastric bypass surgery. Also, weight gain is prevented. As it is known, obesity brings many diseases with it. Some diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases are eliminated by the patient losing weight with gastric bypass surgery.

Patients with obesity problems prefer gastric bypass surgery which is a surgical method. We called the question of what is gastric bypass as a permanent treatment for obesity. So how can this be? Gastric bypass is based on surgical removal of approximately 80% of the stomach. There are some big changes after surgery. After the surgery, there may be changes in the hormones that control hunger-satiety and blood sugar in the gastrointestinal system. The simplest answer to the question of what is gastric bypass is to say that the stomach shrinks. Because less food and calories are taken with the shrinkage of the stomach. Therefore, the person naturally starts to weaken and gets rid of obesity. There are some conditions of gastric bypass surgery and some postoperative rules.

We answered the question of what gastric bypass is with short definitions. However, gastric bypass surgery is an important surgical operation with many conditions and rules. The person should first consult an endocrinology and metabolic diseases specialist before gastric bypass surgery. If the person’s metabolic values and hormonal values are not suitable, surgery should not be performed. The person must first rearrange their lifestyle under the supervision of a dietician. If diet and medication do not work, gastric bypass surgery may be considered. Gastric bypass surgery is performed on people with a body mass index above 40. Gastric bypass surgery can be applied to people between the ages of 18-65.

What are the risks of gastric bypass surgery?

There are some risks in gastric bypass surgery as with any surgical operation. Therefore, the necessary conditions and rules for surgery should be considered. While answering the question of what is gastric bypass, it is necessary to mention the risks of the surgery. The most important rule of gastric bypass surgery is the correct selection of the patient. The patient’s body mass index must be higher than 35 and also have a concomitant disease for this surgery.

A specialist doctor is important to minimize the risk of complications that may occur in gastric bypass surgery. Also, the selection of a well-equipped hospital is important. Some complications may occur after gastric bypass surgery. The most serious complication is leakage from the rest of the stomach into the abdominal cavity. In some people, stomach stenosis can be seen in the long-term after surgery. However, gastric stenosis can be easily treated with endoscopic expansion.

How Much Is Gastric Bypass Surgery?

How is the gastric bypass procedure done?

We should talk about how the gastric bypass procedure is done to answer what a gastric bypass is. The entire gastric bypass surgery is performed by laparoscopic surgery method. In laparoscopic surgery, many small incisions are made. The ports placed through these incisions allow hand tools to reach the abdomen. One of them is for the surgical telescope that attaches to a video camera. Others are used to insert specialized surgical instruments. Because the expert watches the operation on a video monitor. Gastric bypass surgery was first performed in 1967. Laparoscopic gastric bypass was first performed in 1993. There are many advantages to using this method. The length of stay in the hospital is short and the recovery period is short after gastric bypass surgery. Also, fewer postoperative scarring and reduction of the possibility of surgery site hernia are among the advantages.

There are two important steps in gastric bypass surgery. First, the stomach must be reduced. The surgeon divides the stomach into two with the upper part and the lower part larger. Where the food will go to is the upper part of the stomach. The upper part of the stomach is the size of a walnut. This portion only contains foods weighing 28 grams. Therefore, the patient feels full when he eats less. This is how the weight loss process begins. Another important step is the bypass method. A part of the small intestine in the digestive system is removed by the surgeon. Thus, the absorption path of nutrients is shortened. The second part of the small intestine is connected to the small pouch formed in the stomach. Food first enters this new pouch and then passes into the second part of the small intestine.

What are the surgical methods used in gastric bypass surgery?

In gastric bypass surgery, most of the stomach and part of the intestine is removed from the digestive tract. We can call what is a gastric bypass question a stomach reduction process. Since the patient has a small stomach, he consumes less food. Additionally, since a part of the small intestine is bypassed, the body absorbs fewer calories. Different surgical methods can be used in gastric bypass surgery. Robotic surgery, open surgery, and laparoscopic surgery are among these methods.

The robotic gastric bypass method is performed through several small incisions in the patient’s abdomen. The surgeon performs the surgery from the surgeon console, which is a few steps away from the patient. The surgeon creates a shorter digestive tract for foods with robotic gastric bypass surgery. Thus, the patient is saturated with fewer nutrients. Laparoscopic surgery is similar to robotic gastric bypass surgery. This method is performed through a few small incisions made in the patient’s abdomen.

Obesity Surgery​