What Is Bariatric Surgery? Bariatric Surgery is most fundamentally called various operations performed in the context of obesity, which provide weight loss. Obesity, as it is known, is different from being overweight. Obesity, which is experienced by many people today, is an increasing disease. In obesity, diets, exercises, and weight-weakening programs implemented by overweight people are insufficient. Because obesity is a disease that has many depths and sometimes feeds on problems that need to be solved psychologically. In cases where there are more severe weight problems such as obesity, different treatment methods, and solutions are sometimes applied by a specialist physician. Bariatric Surgery is one of these solutions.
Obesity is a disease that can have different effects from person to person. For some, it is on a more superficial level, and maybe it does not require an operation. In some cases, however, obesity has started to affect other functions of the body. Bariatric Surgery is applied in such cases where obesity causes a greater risk. Bariatric surgery is a robust and effective treatment, especially for health problems such as sleep apnea and types two diabetes due to obesity.
In what cases is bariatric surgery required?
In short, i.e. obesity is a disease caused by taking more calories than spent. If the body burns more calories than you can use, it starts storing all of this. When this continues continuously, excess weight and fat accumulate in the body. The continuity of this condition invites obesity. In the treatment of obesity, sometimes drugs and diet sufficed. However, in some cases, if obesity creates adverse complications in other parts of the body, a surgical procedure may be required.
Obesity is a health problem that has many outcomes, needs to be considered, and taken seriously. Obesity is a disease that can trigger high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, blood cholesterol, and cancers. Mainly when different diseases are triggered in the body, the application of drugs and diet may be insufficient. At this point, bariatric surgery is applied. For this reason, people with obesity problems must consult a doctor at a time.
Obesity is a complex and attritional health problem, yes, but it is never unquestionable. It is a prevalent health problem in which many people can go on with their lives in a healthy way by getting through it with specialist treatment. The important thing is to get into a specialist’s check-up and to be able to show determination in the treatment method to be applied.
Treatment of obesity depends on the condition of the person. How far obesity progresses, what complications it causes, other health factors of the person will determine how to draw a path in the treatment process. In some cases, a surgical operation is not required to treat obesity, especially at the beginning. In some cases, obesity has reached more severe levels. It caused adverse reactions in the rest of the body. In such a case, surgical treatment has become a necessity.
How to Tell If Bariatric Surgical Treatment Is Needed?
The most common symptoms of obesity are for adults; excessive lubrication, more than normal sweating, shortness of breath, sleep problems and snoring, chronic fatigue, pain in the back and joints, skin problems caused by the nudity that has become in the skin folds, strain in physical activities. All these symptoms and excess weight are indicative of a person’s obesity. However, it is the doctors who can tell if a surgical operation is in need.
The surgical procedure is usually a solution when people start to catch different diseases due to obesity. At the same time, these people have been on diet and medication for at least a year, but weight loss should not have been achieved. In particular, these two factors will affect whether surgery is possible.
Who Can Be Treated With Bariatric Surgery?
All cases are different. Everyone’s body and health carry many factors that are specific to them. Every disease can affect everyone differently.
Symptoms can change. Solutions and critical points may vary. Doctors are the ones who will make of all this and provide the right treatment. That is why what we have to say is just a general thing. The factors we are going to be about may apply to you, or they may apply to you in entirely different things. Therefore, you must consult the experts in the work.
A surgical procedure in obesity is not always the first treatment method. Sometimes that does not have to be. However, in more advanced cases, a surgical procedure may be required. Therefore, some preconditions are required for a surgical procedure in obesity. The first should be at least 80% above the person’s ideal weight, and the body mass index should be over 40 kg/m2. At the same time, diseases such as diabetes and sleep apnea, which accompany obesity, should affect one’s physical health. Factors include obesity for at least three years and the age of 18-65.
As you can see, surgical surgery is applied when the obesity situation becomes more serious. People should not have lost weight for at least one year despite diet and medication. It is also essential that people can remove surgery. Therefore, it is taken into consideration that the person is not dependent on alcohol and drugs and has a risk of surgery to be taken into account.
How to Do Bariatric Surgery?
Depending on the condition of the obesity case, the first method applied is diet and drug therapy. However, sometimes that does not work. In such cases, different treatment methods are compulsorily applied for patients. At this point, Bariatric Surgery comes into play.
Bariatric surgery has its varieties and different methods. However, the main goal is to limit the amount of into the body and to guarantee weight loss. In this way, sometimes the method of shrinking the stomach is used. In this way, people eat and drink less and begin to eat early. Sometimes surgery targets the small intestines. Changes in the intestines reduce the absorption of nutrients and thus reduce calorie intake. Sometimes mixed operations are performed where both are used.
What are bariatric surgical methods?
Tube Gastric Surgery
The biggest problem and trigger point in obesity is that the feeling of satiation is not achieved. People, therefore, consume many nutrients, but they cannot get a sense of satiation. Gastric volume is reduced by gastric tube surgery. Shrinking the volume of the stomach allows for faster saturation, and fewer nutrients enter the body.
Tube gastric surgery is one of the most preferred methods. Moreover, it is incredibly useful. However, the vital thing in this process is to prevent the stomach from growing again and to maintain its reduced volume. When this is taken into account, it has been observed that only a large part of the weight goes away in 1-2 years.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
In gastric bypass surgery, the function of the stomach is reduced, and the focus is predominantly on the small intestines. In this operation, the structure of the thin body is changed, and the patient’s weight loss is tried to be provided in this way. With this operation, the absorption of nutrients is reduced at the same time. Patients may suffer from mineral and vitamin deficiency as the absorption of nutrients decreases as a result of Gastric Bypass Surgery. For this reason, all these vitamins should be checked, and supplements should be applied if necessary.
Gastric Balloon Application
In this bariatric surgery method, an adjustable balloon is placed inside the stomach. Thus, it is intended to reduce stomach volume and reduce the capacity to receive food. In this way, the feeling of fastness in the person will be more comfortable and faster.