Risker Heart Attack Or Weightloss Surgery
The main goal of bariatric surgery is to get rid of extra weight to reduce risker heart attack or weightloss surgery. By doing this, these types of surgeries can also lower the risk of other diseases or disorders that happen at the same time. People who are morbidly obese often have hypertension, diabetes, high blood pressure, and many other serious health problems that, if left untreated, can lead to stroke, heart attack, and death.
How does being overweight affect the heart and blood vessels? One of the biggest things that can lead to serious heart problems is being overweight. It’s important to know that body mass index is what tells us if someone is obese (BMI). This takes both your height and weight into account.
The Department of Health and Human Resources found a direct link between BMI and death (mortality) in adults who had never smoked.
The main heart problems that come with being overweight are:
- Heart trouble
- Heart attack risk
- Congestive heart failure
- Coronary heart disease in people who were at risk for serious heart problems before
Risker Heart Attack Or Weightloss Surgery And Obesity
Obesity-related heart problems are now known to be fixed by bariatric surgery. Due to the fact that bariatric surgery helps people lose a lot of weight, it is now becoming clear that these surgeries are lowering these deadly heart problems by a lot.
We’ll talk about how weight loss surgery helps people who are morbidly obese and constantly worry that they might have a heart attack or stroke because they don’t get enough exercise, their metabolism is slow, and carrying extra weight puts extra strain on their hearts.
Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) risk is cut by almost 40% with bariatric and metabolic surgery. Also, almost half as many people died before their time in the bariatric group. The most common weight loss surgeries for treating obesity are;
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Roux-En-Y Surgery
- Gastric banding
The link between bariatric surgery and a lower risk of heart attack has to do with how obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol can make coronary artery disease much more likely. One of the most important things you can do to lower this risk is to lose weight.
Bariatric surgery causes quick weight loss within a few months that lasts for at least 12–18 months, with an average weight loss of 35% (70% of excess weight). This reduces the risk of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, and stroke.
When Can Heart Disease Treat With Bariatric Surgery?
Metabolic and bariatric surgery is quickly becoming one of the best ways to lose weight because it helps people who are morbidly obese lose up to 50 percent of their extra weight quickly and effectively in the first year. Most types of bariatric surgery, like gastric sleeve, help people lose weight quickly. This does help lower the risk of having a heart attack.
Another important thing to think about is that people who want to get weight loss surgery have to promise to eat right and exercise. This means that people who got the surgery almost certainly cared more about losing weight and getting healthy than people who didn’t get the surgery.
Researchers are still trying to figure out how much risk can be expected to go down. But high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP), which is a predictor of heart disease risk, goes down a lot in people who have gastric stapling surgery.
New Studies And Breakthroughs About Weight Loss Surgeries
Recent studies have focused on people who are very overweight and have a high risk of getting heart disease. They also looked at how bariatric surgery has helped reduce this risk by a lot. Researchers from all over the world have found that weight loss surgeries like vertical sleeve gastrectomy, gastric banding, and even RNY gastric bypass make a big difference in how often obese people die from heart disease.
The Journal of the American Medical Association did a study in 2019 that looked at 4,000 obese Swedish people who had bariatric surgery. The study found that the number of cardiovascular deaths and cardiovascular events in obese adults went down between 1987 and 2001.
This study isn’t scary because there have been many studies that show the health and mental benefits of losing a lot of weight. At the moment, bariatric surgery is said to help a lot with diseases like type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and others.
Weight Loss Surgeries Reduce Heart Attack Risk
Both the gastric bypass and the gastric sleeve can be very effective and helpful ways for people with heart disease to lose weight. During gastric bypass surgery, the stomach has reshaped to make a smaller pouch that has connected to a section of the small intestine. This cuts down on how much food you can eat at once and how many calories you can get from that food. During gastric sleeve surgery, up to 75% of the stomach has taken out. This makes it hard to eat a lot of food at once.
When we meet with a person, we talk about their goals and worries, their surgical history, and how comfortable they are with surgery. This helps us figure out what kind of procedure they should have.
Can People With Heart Disease Have Weight Loss Surgery?
Even though both procedures involve surgery, they are done with small, thin instruments that put in through five or six small cuts in the abdomen. All patients, including those with heart disease, have less to worry about with minimally invasive surgery. Both procedures take about an hour, and most people only have to stay in the hospital for one night before they can go home. And it has shown that weight loss surgery not only helps people lose weight and keep it off, but also makes their lives better.
People with heart disease should be especially careful and look for two things: a high-volume center and a dedicated staff of surgeons, physician assistants, and nutritionists who specialize in bariatric surgery. People who have had heart attacks, congestive heart failure, are bedridden, or can’t move around much are at a higher risk and would need a green light from their doctors before they could have weight loss surgery. But heart disease is rarely a reason not to have surgery to lose weight.