Hair Restoration Surgery
Today I will give you some information about hair restoration surgery. Although male pattern hair loss is a very common condition in every society, it is an important problem for many men and women.
Hair follicles are in a cycle consisting of a long growth period followed by a short rest period. During the resting period, the hair strand is attached to the root, but there is no growth. As the age progresses, the duration of the rest period begins to increase. While the development period normally lasts for 3-5 years, the rest period that follows starts following the 1-2 week transition period and lasts for 3-4 months.
In men, hair loss is observed due to hair follicle loss on the top and forehead, while hair loss is not observed in the area between the two ears in the back of the neck. This is because there are two different hair follicles. The second type of hair follicles are not sensitive to the testosterone hormone. And for this reason, they do not shed. Here is the hair transplant process; Hair follicles that are not sensitive to hormones in the back of the head are taken and planted in balding areas in the forehead and crown area.
Hair Restoration That Has Been Popular In The Last Years
One of the most important recent developments in plastic surgery is hair restoration with micrograft transplantation. With this method we have mentioned, we obtain more successful and efficient results compared to other methods. This method can be summarized as removing a long elliptical hairy skin from the area above the neck, dividing the hair follicles in this strip of skin into groups of 1 to three and transplanting them one by one to the area to be restored.
The length of this strip is approximately 12-15 cm and its width is approximately 2-2,5 cm. This treated area is closed with an aesthetic stitch after the scalp is removed. The incision scar that will occur will never be visible, as it remains inside the hair. The removed scalp is divided into small groups containing 1, 2 and 3 hair follicles with a scalpel by a team of 2-3 people. This process is a very delicate and quick process.
Features to be Considered in Hair Restoration
While the hair is divided, it is necessary not to damage the hair follicles. Transplanting the hair follicles to the bald area in a short time is another important factor in the success of the procedure. That’s why the hair transplant team consists of a few people. After the hair is divided into small groups, the hairless area is transplanted. Holes are opened in this area by numbing with local anesthesia with the help of a thin-tipped scalpel. Prepared grafts (hair roots) are placed in these holes one by one.
In order to create a more natural look, grafts containing a single hair root are placed in the front parts, and grafts containing 2 and 3 hair roots are placed in the back areas.
Immediately after the procedure is completed, the patient can return to his home. The sheet is not washed for 72 hours. At the end of this period, the transplanted area and other hairy areas are washed with a special solution and this process is repeated every day.
Personal Factors in Hair Restoration
The results obtained in mini micrograft transplantation are very related to the current hair condition of the patient as well as to the surgical factors. The number of hair follicles taken from the area above the neck varies between 1500 and 3500 depending on the frequency of the hair in this area. These hairs are divided into 1000-1500 grafts in groups of one and three and transferred.
Although the density of the hair in the donor area is an important factor, a more important factor is the degree of openness in the front of the person. In people with less open area, these hair follicles can be placed more frequently and more successful results can be obtained. In those with more open areas, a more frequent appearance can be obtained by repeating hair transplantation after a period of 8 months – 1 year.
There is another method that can be applied to people with wide openings on their back. This method is the process of reducing some of the balding skin at the back with ellipse or mercedes shaped skin stickers. This operation is an operation performed a few months ago. It gives very beneficial results in hair transplantation and suitable patients.
Before Hair Transplant Restoration:
Smoking can negatively affect wound healing. For this reason, it will be beneficial to stop using it 1 week before hair restoration surgery.
The use of aspirin, herbal medicines and vitamin tablets should be discontinued 10 days before the date of hair restoration surgery as it increases the tendency to bleed.
If you have upper respiratory tract infection, inform your doctor, your surgery may need to be postponed.
When you come for a hair transplant, wash your hair with a soft shampoo.
After Hair Transplant Restoration:
Antibiotics to prevent infection and pain medication will be started immediately after surgery.
You can go home a few hours after the hair restoration surgery is over.
Do not smoke for 1 week after surgery.
Do not take aspirin or similar drugs for 10 days after the operation as it increases bleeding tendency.
Your head will remain bandaged for the first 3 days. When you come to the control on the 4th day, your coils will be opened and will remain open. From this moment on, you can use a hat. The hat should be large enough not to touch the hair transplantation areas.
In the first 3-4 days, there may be swelling and slight bruising around the eyes, then it will disappear. For bruises, ice application and cream massage around the eyes accelerate healing.
After your bandages are opened, you can go to work.
Stitches in the nape 7-8. taken in days.
The transplanted hair will fall out for 2-3 weeks and will grow again and permanently after 4 months.
If the second session is necessary, it can be done 6 months after the first session.