Different Weight Loss Surgeries
Many obese people do not benefit from medication, diet, or exercise. Different weight loss surgeries operation seems to be the only way out for them. But surgery doesn’t help everyone – and it involves risks.
Sometimes the excess weight is so enormous that your own body becomes a life-threatening burden. Many of those affected can usually no longer even tie their own shoes. They are barely able to leave the apartment because they can no longer climb stairs. Her excessive weight drives her into isolation. Some obese people then use the last resort: surgery on the stomach or intestines.
At this stage, it is hardly possible to cope with her diseased body size with other methods. Beyond a body mass index of 40, drugs, diets or exercise are often of little use. On the contrary, they often put a psychological strain on the patient because he quickly regains his initial weight after each completed therapy. Because his stomach is still three to four times as big as that of normal weight, despite a reduced energy requirement, so the feeling of satiety only sets in much later.
The number of these super-thick ones has been increasing rapidly for years. Alongside the USA and Europe, Turkey is one of the front runners when it comes to obesity. Many of the heavyweights suffer from depression, diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea and joint degeneration as a result of their abundance.
Stomach Surgery For Weight Loss: What Are The Variants?
First of all: There is no such thing as gastric surgery for weight loss. On the contrary, a specific gastric operation is used as part of a specific bariatric operation. The most common bariatric surgeries are the gastric band, the sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion. All of these obesity surgeries lead to a stomach reduction, which, however, varies in size and development.
With a gastric band, no part of the stomach is removed, but an inflatable plastic ring is placed around the upper part of the stomach. This creates a kind of forestomach that can only take in very little food. If this forestomach is full, it quickly leads to a feeling of satiety. With a sleeve stomach, around 3/4 to 4/5 of the stomach is permanently removed. The stomach has now been converted into a tubular shape and can only hold around 100 ml of filling volume.
With gastric bypass, the stomach is cut just below the transition from the esophagus to the stomach. This creates a very small forestomach, which can now absorb approx. 50 ml of food. The small intestine is sewn to this forestomach so that the food is passed on directly into the intestine.
So you can see that there can be very different stomach operations in an obesity operation. Which is the best procedure depends above all on the patient. Here you have to examine exactly what previous operations there have been, what previous illnesses are present and what wishes the patient has. The choice of procedure depends on this. Depending on the bariatric surgery used, the duration of the operation and the length of the hospital stay vary.
The shortest time you will have to stay in hospital with a gastric band. The implantation of the gastric band is also very quick so that such an operation should take an hour. The longest and most complex is a biliopancreatic diversion. Accordingly, you have to stay in the hospital longer. The time it takes to recover after gastric surgery depends on the type of procedure. Once you have been released from the hospital, it usually takes one to two weeks before you can go back to work. However, these times can also vary. It depends of course on the type of bariatric operation.
Risks of Gastric Surgery
The gastric surgery methods used in obesity surgery each have different risks. There are gastro-op risks that are the same for all surgical procedures: bleeding, wound healing disorders and infections can occur with every procedure. Any intervention in the abdominal cavity also involves the risk of injuring surrounding organs, nerves or blood vessels.
The possible complications after gastric surgery depend on the procedure used. While the above-mentioned general risks of gastric surgery are more in the foreground with the gastric balloon, the gastric tube can leak at the point where the stomach was removed. With gastric bypass, there is also the risk of a leak in “gastrointestinal” and “intestinal to intestinal” connections. This is also the case with biliopancreatic diversion.
Diet After Different Weight Loss Surgeries
The changes in diet also vary depending on the type of gastric surgery. What all gastric operations have in common is that you can only eat small meals. The size of the meal depends on the size of the remaining stomach volume. With the gastric band, the size of the forestomach can be varied by filling the gastric band differently. The decreased intake of calories can reduce obesityeffectively combated. But gastric surgery is not the only thing that changes the amount of calories. The possibility of calorie intake is also reduced with gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion. So there is no general gastric surgery diet. Rather, the diet depends on the method used.
This is especially true for gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion.
Eating habits can also change over the long term after gastric surgery. In the case of gastric sleeve, but also in some patients with gastric bypass, the meal size may increase again over time. This increase can result from a slow but sustained stretching of the gastric sleeve or the forestomach during gastric bypass.
Patient Experiences After Different Weight Loss Surgeries
After different weight loss surgeries, the experiences patients have can be very different. On the one hand, this is due to the methods used, and on the other hand, each patient copes differently with the changes in diet. There are also patients who experience complications from the operation. Therefore, the experience there will differ from that of many patients with a significant postoperative course.
Gastric surgery costs
Some patients can meet the requirements for bariatric surgery. If you’re one of them, you don’t have to pay for stomach surgery. As a procedure, the costs of gastric surgery are then covered by health insurance. The prerequisites for bariatric surgery in Switzerland are a body mass index of 35 kg / m² and proof of efforts to lose weight over 2 years. A bariatric operation with a BMI of 30 kg / m² can also be performed if there is also a blood sugar disorder (diabetes). All patients who want to undergo bariatric surgery must commit themselves in writing to lifelong bariatric follow-up care. This means the readiness for annual medical check-ups.
Different Weight Loss Surgeries for Different Cases
Different weight loss surgeries can all be successful when used in the appropriate manner, however some may be more suitable for specific cases. For example, if you are morbidly obese, gastric balloon pill or bypass surgery may be the right option for you. However, if you are significantly overweight but not quite at the point of obesity, a gastric sleeve or lap-band surgery may be more appropriate.
Ultimately, it is important to understand the Different weight loss surgeries and to consult with your doctor to determine which one is best suited for you and your situation. Depending on your health condition and individual needs, as well as any lifestyle changes that will need to take place post-surgery, your doctor should help guide you through the process and provide valuable advice on which procedure is right for you. As with any surgical procedure, there will always be risks associated with it; however, those risks can be minimized through careful research and preparation prior to undergoing a weight loss surgery. Talk with your doctor today to find out more information about available procedures and what could work best for you.